Arabic mathematical notation

Editing math formulas for arabic scientific texts is far more than allowing Right-To-Left text. MathType has been developed following W3C Arabic Mathematical notation recomendations.

There is still work to be done. We will appreciate your comments and feedback.


Our Support team is ready to help you in English and Spanish at support@wiris.com .
We cannot give you support in Arabic yet.


الرموز الرياضية باللغة العربية

Mirroring - RTL mode

Mathematical symbols have to be mirrored to keep their mathematical meaning in Right-to-Left writting (RTL).
For example, the Left-to-Right expression x subset of double-struck capital n is shown as Syntax error. if using th RTL mode. Arabic letters are also supported by the system. The former formula would tipycally look like Syntax error..
Other mathematical expressions are mirrored to follow the Arabic notation tradition . For example, in Saudi Arabia a square root like square root of italic س is represented as Syntax error. in RTL mode.
Right-to-left icon

Numbers in Arabic languages

Different region in the Arabic countries use different notation for numbers. We have implemented Arabic-Indic and Eastern Arabic-Indic numbers

right to left style font-size : 48px ١٢٣٤٥٦٧٨٩٠

Arabic numbers

Variables ligatures

Arabic characters, when written together, are typografically joined with the so called ligatures.

In mathematics, variable names are typically formed by a unique character. Hence by default we consider every character a stand alone mathematical variable, and so without ligatures. But we recognize some standard words, and we automatically add ligatures to them. Also you can manually add ligatures, using the button.

Arabic ligatures

Examples of arabic ligatures

Technical overview

Implementation of W3C
Arabic mathematical notation


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